In my commute back from work today, I thought of some more Japanese manners that I hadn’t mentioned before.
If you haven’t seen parts 1 and 2 yet, please take a look:
Today’s manners are little things that you may or may not know, some might seem trivial to non-Japanese.
I’m going to assume you know how to use these already, if not, get 2 pencils and check out some videos on YouTube.
However, there is some etiquette which may or may not be self-evident.
1 – Don’t play air drums with your chopsticks
2 – Don’t tap your chopsticks together to make noise
3 – Don’t hover your chopsticks over food while deciding what to choose. Choose what you want first, and then pick it up.
Those three are all considered childish and uncouth. These next 2 manners are actually taboos relating to the dead and can be extremely offensive or off-putting and as such you should avoid them at all costs.
1 – Two people shouldn’t touch the same item at the same time with chopsticks. (At a Japanese funeral, after cremation, the small bone fragments are gathered from the ashes in this manner. The bones are then brought to the family grave. If you do this people will be aghast!)
2 – Don’t stick your chopsticks into the rice. Always set them on the side of the bowl or dish. (In Japanese cemeteries, rice bowls with chopsticks stuck in them are left as ceremonial offerings for the dead.)
Visiting Shrines and Temples
Japan has a kind of syncretic polytheistic religious history. The native religion of the Japanese isles is Shintō. It’s polytheistic in that there are many 神 (kami – usually translated as “gods” or “spirits”) who reside in various special spots all over the country. See a beautiful mountain? There is a special kami there. See a funky looking tree? There is probably a kami there too. A nice vista from the side of a hill? Most like there’s a kami living there too. And so on.
Kami are enshrined in… um, shrines. A shrine can be identified by a torī (you can think of it as the entrance to the sacred space), relatively plain, wooden architecture and a fountain for purifying your hands.
Early in Japanese history, Buddhism was imported to Japan. Buddhism doesn’t have kami, rather it focuses on the examples of real people who have reached enlightenment. Before the Meiji Period (let’s say industrialized Japan), there was a syncretism (blending) of Shintō and Buddhism. Nikkō Tōshōgū is a prime example of this mixed style. It’s essentially a shrine, but it houses the enlightened spirit of Tokugawa Ieyasu, who was very much a real person.
A temple can be identified by a large wooden gate (or sometimes just a fence), “heavy” architecture, usually with much more decoration than a shrine. There is often a large incense burner in front of the building.
SO HOW DO I DO IT?
Visiting a Shrine
1 – Walk through the torī.
2 – From here on in, be respectful. No shouting, no smoking. Taking pictures is probably OK, but be aware that some particularly important shrines may have no flash/picture rules in some areas, keep your eyes open.
3 – Go to the fountain. (I think it’s usually on the left side of the entrance… but maybe they have in other places). Pick up the ladle. Pour the water over your left hand. Make sure your hands are outside of the fountain, don’t put “dirty” water back into the pool. Then repeat with the other hand. Put the ladle away. (Just a quick note, on cold days, most people totally skip this part because… it’s cold. Know what I mean?)
4 – Go up the stairs to the main hall.
5 – If there is a hanging bell or gong thingy, ring it a few times to get the kami’s attention.
5 – Throw a coin into the offering box (10 yen is the norm, but you can do whatever).
6 – Bow 45° twice.
7 – Clap your hands twice.
8 – Bow deeply again once and when you come up, put your hands together, palm-to-palm and pray… or if you’re an atheist like me, stand there silently and pretend.
9 – You’re done!
Visiting a Temples
Much easier than a shrine – cuz it’s not Japanese. lol
0 – After entering the temple grounds, be respectful and quiet.
1 – If there is a large incense burner, go up to it and with cupped hands, pull some of the smoke on your body (in particular, the parts you think need a little “help”). If there isn’t much smoke coming out of there, go buy some first from the temple girls and light it and put it in the burner before trying to hog all the smoke for yourself.
2 – Go up the stairs to view the temple treasures and sacred objects.
3 – Toss a coin or two into the offering box.
4 – There are no kami in Buddhism, so it would be stupid to bow at a bunch of stuff, however Japan is pretty much an atheistic country and a lot of people don’t actually know the difference between shrine etiquette and temple etiquette, so you WILL see people bowing and doing shrine stuff. Normal. But basically, the correct etiquette is to throw the coin and, without bowing, pray with your palms together, then leave.
As always, thanks for reading. Also, if there are any topics you’d like me to cover in the future, please let me know. I’m all ears.
More to come soon!